Lots of children are still admitted to empoyement before an appropriate minimum age nowaday. Almost of the times they don’t have the right to adequate nutrition, housing, recreation and medical services. Of course they don’t go to school as well: is the place where they can promote their knowledge included general culture, to develop their abilities, their individual judgment, and their sense of moral and social responsibilities, and also to become an useful member of society. Some of them aren’t  intitled to their right because of the differents kind of distinction or discrimination on account of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, whether of themselves or of their families. WHY?


BUEC: Barikadimy’s United English Club

BUEC is an English club which is exist at University of Tamatave. It was created by group of students included Rolland, Gildas, Paul, Vohary, Jacquinot, Jean D’Arc, Fredel, Lydovick, Urbain and Patrick is the President actual. It was on 2003 and every years the member is increasing nonstop. In this club, there is no teacher neither students but we help one another. It is a very big opportinuty for the people especially the students at University of Tamatave to increase their skill in English.

WHY ENGLISH? The creators remarc that there are a lot of students after they got their BACC degree and they have to go at University, there they had no opportinuty to encrease their knowledge in term of English. And as e know that there is no way to follow English subject here in Tamatave because it’s doesn’t exist yet. At the same time we know the importance of English nowaday so we decided to create one club, is the place where the students can increase their knowledge on English.

We always got problems about the room where we can have our meeting. Normally we hve to have one teacher at least but because we are all students in and we’re all bit busy of our studies no one of us could be a teacher. Also as a club we have not enough materials like computer, TV. We only have one tape for listening but sometimes we want to watch a film.

The club participate on the social developpment, like for exemple during the world journey of smile here in Tamatave, we did a translation between patients and doctors with operation smile.

This is Mr Lydovock speech, os one of the creators: Hi I’m Clearstone Lydovick. As a philologist, got into a club to bring my knowledge higher. I got interested into BUEC because: Firstly, in BUEC we share knowledge to one another. It’s a way of “Share and Share lake”. Secondly, as a learner too, we get to make ourselves be broad-minded. Because getting onto any particular group brings you getting out of your shell, Mean you’re shy no more. Because you get ised to talking to different friends. Now I’d like to invite all friends to get into any club for instance BUEC. “Never miss the boat buddy!”

Malagasy wedding with their own custom

Formerly, the parents choosed and proposed to their young son the woman that they thought to be better for their son. However, the proposition maybe refused. In that case, the young man must look for the woman that he loves. If the lovers are already get on with each other, the young woman ask her boyfriend to present and to introduce himself to her parents.
According to the conveniences, it’s not a young man to do the demand by his name to the parents of his girlfriend after his own introduction. But his parents ought to go to the young woman’s parents house to deliver his message. But before his girlfriend parents and his own parents accept one another, each side must survey one another so that they get to know enough one another. Each family try to discover who exactly are the other side. Is her boyfriend or his girlfriend from to the family who have or have not: leprosy, syphilis, alcoholism, epilepsy, madness, or have on other hereditary illness, because each side of the family want to see their descendant happy: worker, able to reproduce, rich,…etc
Showing “fisehoana”: here in Madagascar, especially in the East coast, the area where I live, to have a wife needs a some step that the young man have to do. And “Fisehoana” is the first step.First of all, the boyfriend must have one spokesman or spokeswoman who deliver all the message from the young man to the parents of his girlfriend if they are agreed each other. After the long conversation between a boyfriend spokesman or spokeswoman and girlfriend’s parents, they have to fix one date of the wedding and also discuss about the amount of the gift “Diafotake or Moletry” for the parents of the girlfriend from the young man, if they get on with one another. The spokesman or spokeswoman have to offer the gift from the boyfriend to the girlfriend’s parents before separating one another.
Few days after the “Fisehoana” it’s a date of the wedding. The parents of the young man accompanied by their friends come to join the parents of the girlfriend’s house. After the dinner, the spokesman or the spokeswoman of the young man takes a speech in front of the young woman’s parents and family who reunited for celebrating the wedding’s party the day after.After these speech, the girlfriend’s parents offer some drink to honour the boyfriend’s parents and their accompanying. It’s must be a “Betsabetsa” the official Malagasy drink during the special event.From now on all the young come to assist the ceremony can already sing Malagasy song “Vakodrazana” and dance as well if they want. The next morning after the breakfast, the both family reunite again at girlfriend’s parents house, because the spokesman or spokeswoman is going to deliver his speech for a union of the wedding “Orimbato”. Now the girlfriend is already becomes a wife and the young man is husband.
After their talk exchange , the spokesman or the spokeswoman of the new husband takes out one massif money piece: ” The Tsanganolona: where the character keep standing for the wedding blessing “Tsodrano”. So he takes also one white porcelain plate in which there is clean water and must be placed in front of the lovers who seat down side by side. The oldest person from the wife’s family puts the massif money into the porcelain plate then, with branch of( “Hasina”: is a sacre plant for the Malagasy) shakes the water and praying to the God at the same time. And then, the wife’s parents give too their own blessing to their children. When they are all have finished, they spray the new wife and husband, they have to drink the blessed water, then after the blessing period, the wife’s parents have to offer a very nice meals for the families and the invited as well.
After having done all those steps, the new wife and her invited must be closed in one room where in her baggages are already ready for the travel.On the other hand, just in front of the door outside, there are the invited of the new husband who get gathering and singing “Ôsika or Hira gasy: Malagasy typically songs” If they are singing well, the door in which the new wife will be opened. In that time the woman’s family are throwing away the baggages to outside. The husband’s family who get gathering in front of the door outside never let any of the baggages down on the ground. The wife’s parents let their daughter to follow her husband to the young man’s house, from now on, the new wife is becoming a daughter of the husband-in-law, and of course she has the same right in the husband’s family.

When the procession arrives to the new husband’s house, his mother takes her daughter-in-law and lead her to have a three time of tours around the husband’s house. From now on the new wife is becoming the queen. Then the husband join his wife, and the new family gives an honour to their house. Then the oldest one from the husband family who staid in the village, ask a new from the travellers and to bid them welcome. The congratulation and wishes are the last step of the wedding and to close the wedding ceremonious ” Have a boys, have a girls, be happy, be rich,” Said all the assistants to the new family. This last step is ending by having a very huge wedding party with all the family friends of the new husband and wife.

Sad Lemur

Madagascar is still one of the world poorest countries, and is hugely dependent on rice. In the past century, the island has lost 90% its forest to slash-and-burn agriculture or tavy. The once thickly covered central highland are now a wasteland, scarred by soil erosion. Sitled-up riverbeds are planted with rice, and cleared and terraced land is fertile enough to support just two rice crops. After the second harvest, it has to be left to pasture and burned annually to encourage the new grass shoots most palatable to cattle. Every year, one-third of Madagascar’s land mass is set alight. And the fires spread to those pockets of forest that have not already been cleared.

As the forests have shrunk and fragmented the lemur population has been further towards extinction. The impact of the forest clearance has been compounded by hunting. Local taboos protect some lemurs, notably the white sifaka, which is believed by Sakalava people to be an ancestor spirit, and the Indri, which the Betsimisaraka say once raised an orphan boy as their own. But other taboos are less forgiving . The devilish-looking aye-aye is condamned to death on sight. It is said to creep up on sleeping people , insert its long, ball-and-socket-joined middle finger into an ear and pull out their brains, in fact it does nothing more sinister with this remarkable digit than pluck insect larvae out of trees. It’s now highly endangered, only its wide distribution and nocturnal nature have kept it from disappearing altogether.

At least 16 spaces have disappeared in the 2,000. For years, the country’s long unhappy experiment with communism kept deforestation and destruction to continue unabated. In the last decade, however, and particularly in the three years, since for Mr President RAVALOMANANA Marc took his office, that has changed. Though still grave, the environmental situation is beginning to look up. Madagascar, says mittervation priority, with an influx of NGOs and funding. At the world parks congress in South Africa in 2003, RAVALOMANANA pledged to triple the size of the island’s nature reserves.

All agree that the only way the lemur will survive in the long term is if the local people become committed to its conservation. The Alaotran gentle lemur, or Bandro, is a case in point. The Bandro live among the papyrus and reed beds surrounding Madagascar’s largest lake, Alaotra. To gain better access to the fish of the lake, the local people is cutting the reed beds, flushing out and killing lemurs as they want. The population of the Bandro went into free full. By 2001 there were just 3,000 left in the wild. The lake began to still up and its fish began to die. Then the wildlife programme here in Madagascar like Durell Wildlife Conservation Trust’s Madagascar programme began to take a responsibilities and try to explain the importance of the environment health. At the same time they introduced fuel-efficient stoves and began to teach more intensive method of rice cultivation. It was explained that the Bandro was unique and, crucially, of more value as a draw to tourists and primatologist than as a source of food.

Around 70% and more tourists came to Madagascar were going to visit a protected areas. It’s very needed to spend much more money for conservation, protected areas. If we could replaced tavy with tourism, the lemurs would have nothing to worry about, but it’s up to the Malagasy. Now the number of young Malagasy scientists and conservationists is growing and the people are becoming aware that the lemurs conservation is a duty of all Malagasy citizens.